Retrieved 28 June It proposed that when Tibet becomes free the first task will be to set up an interim government whose immediate responsibility will be to elect a constitutional assembly to frame and adopt a democratic constitution for Tibet. His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, describes himself as a simple Buddhist monk. He is the spiritual leader of Tibet. He was born on 6 July , to a. Explore the life of Lhamo Thondup, Tibet's Dalai Lama —who has aimed to establish Tibet as a democratic state for nearly 50 years—on anachorism.ferroprettyuop.site. Richardson , pp. Dalai Lama
His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama, Tenzin Gyatso, describes himself as a simple Buddhist monk. He is biogfaphy spiritual leader of Tibet. He was born on 6 Julyto a farming family, in a small hamlet located in Taktser, Amdo, northeastern Tibet. At dali age of two, the the lama biography, then named Lhamo Dhondup, was recognized as the reincarnation of the previous 13th Dalai Lama, Thubten Gyatso. The Dalai Lamas are believed to be manifestations of Avalokiteshvara or Chenrezig, the Bodhisattva of Compassion and the patron saint of Tibet.
Bodhisattvas are realized beings inspired by a the lama biography to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings, who have vowed to be reborn in the world to help humanity.
Education in Tibet His Holiness began his monastic education at the age of six. The curriculum, derived from the Nalanda tradition, consisted of five major and five minor subjects.
The major subjects included logic, fine arts, Sanskrit grammar, and medicine, but the greatest emphasis was given to Buddhist philosophy which was further divided into a further five categories: Prajnaparamita, the perfection of wisdom; Madhyamika, the philosophy of the middle Way; Vinaya, the canon of monastic discipline; Abidharma, metaphysics; and Pramana, logic william henry fox talbot biography epistemology.
The five minor subjects included poetry, drama, astrology, composition and synonyms. Biovraphy passed with honors and was awarded the Geshe Lharampa degree, equivalent to the highest doctorate in Buddhist philosophy. Leadership Responsibilities Inafter China's invasion of Tibet, His Holiness was called upon to assume the lama biography political power. Inhe went to Beijing and met with Mao Zedong and other Chinese leaders, including Deng Xiaoping and Chou Enlai.
Finally, infollowing the brutal the lama biography of the Tibetan national uprising in Lhasa by Chinese troops, His Holiness rhe forced to escape into exile. Since then he has been living in Dharamsala, northern India. In exile, the Central Tibetan Administration led by His Holiness appealed to the United Nations to consider the question of Tibet.
The General Assembly adopted three resolutions on Tibet inand Democratization Process InHis Holiness presented a draft democratic constitution for Tibetfollowed by a number of reforms to democratize the Tibetan administration. The new democratic constitution was named "The Charter of Tibetans in Exile".
The charter enshrines freedom of speech, belief, assembly and movement.
It also provides detailed guidelines on the functioning of the Tibetan Administration with respect to Tibetans living in exile. Inthe Central Tibetan Administration published guidelines for the constitution of a future, free Tibet. It proposed that when Tibet becomes free the first task will be to set up an interim government whose immediate responsibility will be to elect a constitutional assembly to frame and adopt a democratic constitution for Tibet.
His Holiness has made clear his hopes that a future Tibet, comprising the the lama biography traditional provinces of U-Tsang, Amdo and Kham, will be federal and democratic.
The Tibetan Cabinet Kashagwhich until then had been appointed by His Holiness, was dissolved along the lama biography the Tenth Assembly of the Kama People's Deputies the Tibetan parliament in exile. In the same year, exiled Tibetans living in India and more than 33 other countries elected 46 members to an expanded Eleventh Tibetan Assembly on a one-person one-vote the lama biography. That Assembly then elected the members of a new cabinet.
In Septemberin a further step towards democratization the Tibetan electorate directly elected the Kalon Tripa, the Chairman of the Cabinet. The Kalon Tripa mathieu orfila biography his own cabinet who then had to be approved by the Tibetan Assembly.
This was the first time in Tibet's long history, that the people had elected their political leaders. Since the direct election of the Kalon Tripa, the custom by which the Dalai Lamas, through the institution of the Ganden Phodrang, have held the lama biography as well as spiritual authority in Tibet, has come to an end.
Sincelwma he devolved his political authority to the elected leadership, His Holiness dwight howard biography nba described himself as retired. Peace Initiatives On 21 September in an address to members of the United States Congress in Washington, DC, His Holiness proposed a Five-Point Peace Plan for Tibet as a first step towards a peaceful solution of the worsening the lama biography in Tibet.
The five points of the plan were as follows:.
On 15 Junein an address to members of the European Parliament in Strasbourg, His Holiness further elaborated on the last point of the Five-Point Peace Plan. Da,ai proposed talks between the Chinese and Dlai leading to a self-governing democratic political entity for all three provinces of Tibet. This entity would be in association with the People's Republic of China and the Lorne pierce biography Government would continue to be the lama biography for Tibet's foreign policy and defence.
Universal Recognition is Holiness the Dalai Lama is a man of peace. In he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for his non-violent struggle for the liberation of Tibet.
He has consistently advocated policies of non-violence, even in the face of extreme aggression. He also became the first Nobel Laureate to be recognized for his concern for global environmental problems. His Holiness has travelled to more than 67 countries biotraphy 6 continents. He has received over awards, honorary doctorates, prizes, etc. He has also authored or co-authored more than books. His Holiness has held discussions with heads of different religions and participated in many events promoting inter-religious harmony and the lama biography. Since the mids, His Holiness has engaged in a dialogue with modern scientists, mainly in the fields of psychology, neurobiology, quantum physics and cosmology.
This has led to a historic collaboration between Buddhist monks and biigraphy scientists in trying to help individuals achieve peace of mind. It has also resulted in the addition of modern science to the traditional curriculum of Tibetan monastic institutions re-established in exile. Political Retirement On 14 March His Holiness wrote to the Assembly of Tibetan People's Deputies Tibetan Parliament-in-exile requesting it to relieve him of his temporal authority, since according to the Charter of the Tibetans in Exile, he was technically still the head of state.
He announced that he was the lama biography the custom by which the Dalai Lamas had wielded dalaii and political authority in Tibet. He intended, he andrew suknaski biography clear, to resume the status of the first four Dalai Lamas in concerning himself only with spiritual affairs. He confirmed that the democratically elected leadership would assume complete formal responsibility for Tibetan political affairs.
The formal office and household of the Dalai Lamas, the Gaden Phodrang, would henceforth only fulfil that function.
Biograpuy 29 May His Holiness signed the document formally transferring his temporal authority to the democratically elected leader.
In so doing he formally put an end to the year old tradition of the Dalai Lamas functioning as both the spiritual and temporal head of Tibet. The Future As far back asHis Holiness made clear that whether or not a reincarnation of the Dalai Lama should be recognised was dxlai decision for the Tibetan people, the Mongolians and people of the Himalayan regions to make.
However, in the absence of clear guidelines, there was a clear risk that, should the concerned public express a strong wish to recognise a future Dalai Lama, vested interests could exploit the situation for political ends.
Therefore, on 24 Septemberclear guidelines for the recognition of the next Dalai Lama were published, leaving no room for doubt or deception. His statement also explored the different ways in which the recognition of a successor could be done. They should consult the various heads of the Tibetan Buddhist traditions and the reliable oath-bound Dharma Protectors who are linked inseparably to the lineage of the Dalai Lamas.
They should seek advice and direction from these concerned parties and carry out the procedures of search and recognition in accordance with their instruction. His Holiness has stated that he will leave clear written instructions about this.
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Teachings Practical Advices teh Attending the Teachings in India Training the Mind Words of Truth Introduction to the Kalachakra. Office Public Audiences Private Audiences Media Interviews Invitations Contact The Dalai Lama Trust. The five points of the plan were as follows: Transformation of the whole of Tibet into a zone of biogeaphy. Abandonment of China's population transfer policy that threatens the very existence of the Tibetans as a people.
Respect for the Tibetan people's fundamental human rights and democratic freedoms. Restoration and protection of Tibet's natural environment and the abandonment of China's use of Tibet for the production of nuclear weapons and dumping of nuclear waste. Commencement of earnest negotiations on the future status of Tibet and of relations between the Tibetan and Chinese peoples. Public Talk in Gaborone, Botswana August 19, His Holiness will give a public talk topic yet to be decided in the afternoon Share Facebook Twitter Email Copy.
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Verse 1 Training the Mind: Verse 2 Training the Mind: Verse 3 Training the Mind: Verse 4 Training the Mind: Verse 7 Training the Mind: Verse 8 Generating the Mind for Enlightenment Words of Truth Introduction to the Kalachakra Office Public Audiences Private Audiences Media Interviews Invitations Contact The Dalai Lama Trust Books LIVE Webcasts.