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Donald Campbell Dewar 21 August — 11 October was a Scottish politicianthe inaugural First Minister of Scotland and an advocate of Scottish devolution.
Dewar first entered politics as the Labour Member of Parliament MP for Aberdeen South following the general election. After losing his seat inhe served in the House of Commons again from until his death in Having led the Labour campaign in the run-up to the first Scottish Parliament electionhe subsequently became the Member of the Scottish Parliament MSP for Glasgow Anniesland on 6 Mayand was appointed Leader of the Scottish Labour Party a day later and became the henry mcleish biography Scottish First Minister as the henry mcleish biography of a devolved coalition government with the Liberal Democrats.
He died of a henry mcleish biography hemorrhage while in office, and was succeeded as First Minister and Scottish Labour leader by Henry McLeish. His father was a dermatologist and a former general practitioner. Both Dewar's parents had ill health during his childhood; his father contracted tuberculosis and his mother suffered from a benign henry mcleish biography tumour when Donald was young.
Dewar met several future politicians at the university Dialectic Societyincluding John Smith who would later become leader of the Labour PartySir Menzies Campbell who henry mcleish biography later become leader of the Liberal Democrats and Derry Irvine who would serve as Lord Chancellor in the same cabinet as Dewar.
At university, he also served as chair of the Glasgow University Labour Club and president of the Glasgow University Union. On 20 JulyDewar married Alison Mary McNair, henry mcleish biography whom he had two children: InMcNair separated from Dewar and entered a relationship with the Scottish lawyer Derry Irvine.
Dewar and his henry mcleish biography divorced inand he never remarried. He worked as a solicitor in Glasgow after graduating from university, and was also a member of the Labour Partyand soon turned his sights towards being elected to parliament. Inhe was selected as the Labour candidate for the Aberdeen South constituency. In the general election, he failed to win the seat, but won it at the henry mcleish biography election at the age of 28—defeating Priscilla Tweedsmuir by 1, votes.
In his maiden speech to the House of Commons in the same year, Dewar spoke against a proposed increase on potato tax. His speech became his first political success: Also inDewar was made a Parliamentary Private Secretary to the Education Secretary Anthony Croslandwith whom Dewar later confessed to having never establishing a rapport—saying Crosland was a "very odd man". Dewar remained in that position at the Department of Education untilin which year Dewar opposed a visit to Aberdeen by the Springbok rugby team and staged a silent vigil near the team's ground.
In Aprilhe was proposed for a Minister of State henry mcleish biography by Roy Jenkinsbut was not appointed. Dewar lost his henry mcleish biography seat to the Conservative henry mcleish biography Iain Sproat at the general election by over 1, votes.
Dewar spent much of the s looking for another parliamentary seat. He hosted a Friday evening talk show on Radio Napoleon biography videoand in June was beaten by Dennis Canavan when he applied for the seat of West Stirlingshire.
He worked as a solicitor for much of that decade and became a reporter on children's henries mcleish biography and was involved with the Lanarkshire local authority.
Dewar became cuban link biography partner in Ross Harper Murphy, in In SeptemberDennis Canavan said Dewar reacted callously when his son was diagnosed with skin cancer in The disease eventually killed him.
Canavan said Dewar remarked, "Oh no! That's all we need. He was mad enough before but I shudder to think what he'll be like now. Donald Dewar was selected for the seat Glasgow Garscadden by a majority of three, after Dewar's friend in the Amalgamated Union of Engineering Workers MP Willie Small died unexpectedly.
He was returned to henry mcleish biography at a by-election on 13 Aprila crucial victory which was seen as halting the rise of the Scottish National Party. In Scotland's first referendum on devolution, held in Marchhe campaigned for a "Yes" vote alongside the Conservative Alick Buchanan-Smith and the Liberal Russell Johnston. Dewar gained a parliamentary platform as chairman of the Scottish Affairs Select Committee. After a year honing his inquisitorial skills, he joined the front bench in November as a Scottish affairs spokesman when Michael Foot became party leader.
Inas the Labour Party divided itself further due to internal disagreement, Dewar was almost deselected in his constituency by hard-left activists, but he successfully defended himself against this threat. He rose quickly through the ranks, becoming Shadow Scottish Secretary in November On 21 DecemberDewar was in Lockerbie after the bombing of Pan Am Flight as the member of the Shadow Cabinet in charge of Scottish affairs.
InJohn Smith made him Shadow Social Security Secretary and three years later, Dewar was made a Chief Whip for the Labour Party by Tony Blair. At the general henry mcleish biography, he became MP for Glasgow Annieslandwhich was mostly the henry mcleish biography constituency with minor boundary changes.
Labour won this election by a landslide, and Dewar was henry mcleish biography the post of Secretary of State for Scotland. He was able to start the devolution process he dreamt of years earlier, and worked tirelessly on creating the Scotland Actpopularly referred to as "Smith's unfinished business". When ratified, this was to give Scotland its first Parliament for nearly years. Now they are a reality. In Januaryhe confirmed that he would stand for a seat in the Scottish Parliament.
He was elected as the Member of the Scottish Parliament MSP for Glasgow Annieslandhaving the unusual distinction of being both an MP and MSP for the same constituency, henry mcleish biography. Although Scottish Labour won more seats than any other party, they did not have a majority in Parliament to allow them to form an Executive without the help of a smaller party.
A deal was agreed with the Scottish Liberal Democrats to form a coalition, with Dewar agreeing to their demand for the abolition of up-front tuition fees for university students. On 13 MayDewar was nominated as First Minister, and was officially appointed by the Queen on 17 May at a ceremony in the Palace of Holyroodhouse.
He later travelled to johnny unitas biography Court of Session to be sworn in by the Lord President and receive the Great Seal of Scotland. On 16 June, Dewar set out the legislative programme for the Executive which included: In AprilDewar was admitted to henry mcleish biography for tests on his heart, following a previous test where a minor irregularity was discovered.
Dewar dealt with the Exam Results Fiasco and the Lorry Drivers' Strike, and attended the Labour Party conference in Brighton in September, but at the end of September, he told the historian Tom Devine in Dublin that if there was no surge of the energy of old, he would have to reappraise the situation within a few months.
On 10 October around lunchtime, Dewar sustained a fall. He seemed fine at first but later that day suffered a massive brain haemorrhage which was possibly triggered by the anticoagulant medication he was taking following heart surgery.
He died the following day, in Edinburgh's Western General Hospitalnever having regained consciousness. He was 63 years old. Dewar's funeral service was held at Glasgow Cathedralamid scenes of mourning unknown for a politician in Scotland's largest city. He was cremated on 18 Octoberand his ashes were scattered at Lochgilphead in Argyll.
He would have been horrified at a Diana-style out-pouring of synthetic grief at his untimely death. One of the first scandals to hit the new Scottish Parliament occurred when allegations that the lobbying arm of public relations company Beattie Media had privileged access to ministers were published, prompting Dewar to ask the standards committee to investigate the reports.
Dewar also threatened to sack any minister or aide who briefed the media against another member of the Scottish Executive, following public rows between Jack McConnell and the Minister of Health and Community CareSusan Deacon over the budget allocated to health. Dewar's work for the Scottish Parliament has led him to be called the " Father of the Nation ".
In Maythen-Prime Minister Tony Blair unveiled a henry mcleish biography of Donald Dewar at the top of Glasgow's Buchanan Streeta street in Glasgow City centre. In keeping with his famous unkempt appearance, it showed Dewar wearing a slightly crushed jacket. The statue was taken down in October to be cleaned and was re-erected on 6-foot 1.
On the base of the statue were inscribed the opening words of the Scotland Act: Dewar called the Royal High School on Calton Hill in Edinburgh a " nationalist shibboleth ", mainly because it had been the proposed site of the Scottish Assembly in the referendum. Dewar's opposition to the Calton Hill site partly contributed to the selection of the Holyrood site, which proved expensive.
The First ScotRail Class train was named Donald Dewar in his memory. The "Dewar Arts Award" was created by the Scottish Executive in dedicated to his memory.Henry & June (Trailer)
This award supports talented young Scottish artists. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved 5 March Retrieved 29 March First Ministers of Scotland. Donald Dewar Henry McLeish Jack McConnell Alex Salmond Nicola Sturgeon. Secretaries of State for Scotland. Mar Queensberry Mar Montrose Roxburghe Vacant Tweeddale. Richmond Trevelyan Dalhousie Balfour Lothian Trevelyan Balfour of Burleigh Murray Linlithgow Sinclair Pentland McKinnon-Wood Tennant Munro Novar Adamson Gilmour.
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Member of Parliament for Aberdeen South — Member of Parliament for Glasgow Garscadden — Member of Parliament for Glasgow Anniesland — Secretary of State for Scotland — First Minister of Scotland — Leader of the Scottish Labour Party — Member of the Scottish Parliament for Glasgow Anniesland — Shadow Cabinet Kezia Dugdale Leader Alex Rowley Deputy Leader Jackie Baillie Economy Iain Gray Education Claire Baker Justice James Kelly Parliamentary Business Neil Bibby Chief Whip Anas Sarwar Health Lewis Macdonald Culture Rhoda Grant Connectivity Claudia Beamish Environmental Justice.