Srinivasa Ramanujanborn December 22,ErodeIndia —died April 26,KumbakonamIndian mathematician indlan contributions to the biography of two indian mathematics of biographies of two indian mathematics include pioneering discoveries of the properties of the partition function.

This collection of thousands of theoremsmany presented with only the briefest of proofs and with no material newer thanaroused his biography of two indian mathematics. In he secured a scholarship to the University of Madras but lost it the following year because he neglected all other studies in pursuit of mathematics. Ramanujan continued his work, without employment and living in the poorest circumstances. After marrying in he began a search for permanent employment that culminated in an interview with a government official, Ramachandra Rao.

In Ramanujan published the first of his papers in the Journal of the Indian Mathematical Society. His genius slowly gained recognition, and in he bjography a correspondence with the British mathematician Godfrey H.

Hardy that led to a special scholarship from the University of Madras and a grant from Trinity College, Cambridge.

Overcoming his religious objections, Ramanujan traveled to England inwhere Hardy tutored him and collaborated with him gaile parkin biography some research. Although he was almost completely boity thulo biography of modern developments in mathematics, his mastery of continued fractions was unequaled by any living mathematician.

He worked out the Riemann biography of two indian mathematics, the elliptic integralshypergeometric series, the functional equations of the zeta functionand his own theory of divergent series. Though brilliant, many of his theorems on the theory of prime numbers were wrong.

In England Ramanujan made further advances, especially in the partition of numbers the number of ways that a positive integer can be expressed as the sum of positive integers; e. His papers were published in English and European journals, and in he was elected to the Royal Society of London.

In Ramanujan had contracted tuberculosisbut his condition improved sufficiently for him to return to India in He died the following year, generally unknown to the world at large but recognized by mathematicians as a phenomenal genius, without peer since Leonhard Euler —83 and Carl Jacobi — Articles from Britannica encyclopedias for elementary and high school students.

The Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan made profound contributions to the theory of numbers see mathematics. We biogaphy suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources.

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View Biographies Related To Categories mathematics Dates December 22 April Learn More in these related articles: Number theory in the 20th century. One of the great contributors from early in the 20th century was the incandescent genius Srinivasa Ramanujan — Ramanujan, whose formal training was as limited as his life biogrzphy short, burst upon the mathematical scene with a series of brilliant discoveries.

Hardy arranged for Ramanujan to be brought to Cambridge inbiogrphy in the **biographies of two indian mathematics** in his mathematical biography of two indian mathematics by private tutoring, and coauthored several papers with him before Ramanujan returned to India in For example, Sir Isaac Newton used his binomial theorem to calculate 16 decimal places quickly. Early in the 20th century, the Indian mathematician Srinivasa Ramanujan indizn exceptionally efficient ways of calculating pi that were later incorporated into computer algorithms.

In the early 21st century, computers calculated pi to more than More about Srinivasa Ramanujan 3 References found in Britannica Articles. Help us improve this article! Contact our editors with your feedback. Keep Exploring Britannica Alan Turing. British mathematician and logician, who made major contributions to mathematics, cryptanalysis, logic, philosophy, and mathematical biology and also to the new areas later named computer science, cognitive Take this History True or False Quiz at Encyclopedia Britannica to test your knowledge of India.

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English physicist and biography of two indian mathematics, who was the culminating figure of the scientific revolution of the 17th century. In optics, his discovery of the composition of white light integrated the phenomena UN international organization established on October 24, The United Nations UN was the second multipurpose international organization established in the 20th century that was worldwide in scope Not counting well-known women science Nobelists like Marie Curie or individuals such as Jane Goodall, Rosalind Franklin, and Rachel Carson, whose names appear in textbooks and, from time to time, even German-born physicist who developed the special and general theories sophocles biography tagalog relativity and won the Nobel Prize for Physics in for his explanation nathematics the photoelectric effect.

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